A good state of the disk is one of the prerequisites for a smooth system operation. In order to ensure the normal state of the disk, we need to perform the necessary checks and fix the problems in time. In Windows 10, depending on the usage conditions, we can also check and repair the disk in many different ways.
1. Checking from Windows Explorer
If Windows is still running, it is most convenient to check the disk through Explorer. Right-click the drive you want to check, and select “Properties” in the pop-up menu; then, select the “Tools” tab in the disk properties window, and click the “Check” button in the “Error” column. Check” button in the “Check” column to start checking (Figure 1).
Due to improvements in the Windows 10 disk checker, it will automatically scan the disk in the background. After we perform the check operation, the system will display a scan prompt based on the results of the automatic detection. If the disk is in good condition, the system will give you the message “No need to scan this drive”. If you are still not sure, you can click “Scan drive” to force the check (Figure 2). If you find a problem during the scan of the currently used system partition, you will have to perform an automatic repair the next time you boot the system.
2. Use a third-party disk checker
Since the disk checking function comes with Windows is rather simple, it is not very convenient when you need to check multiple drives, for example. In this case, we can use the third-party software CheckDiskGUI to complete the task of checking multiple disks.
Launch CheckDiskGUI, and in the DirtyBit column, you can check the current status of the disk. First select the disk to be scanned from the list of drives, then select Read Only to check the disk as appropriate, Fix to repair it, and Fix and Recover (Figure 3) to recover the damaged storage space by overwriting it, etc.
The Options menu of the software gives you the option to rescan the disk for all clusters and read the scan log at startup, etc. In addition, we can save and print the scan log via the corresponding command under the File menu. These are features that are not available in the system’s own disk scanning tool.
In addition, we can also use Microsoft Check Disk, a Microsoft plug-in tool for BartPE rescue boot disk, to check the disk. Download chkdsk-gui.zip and unpack it, run the chkdsk-gui.exe file directly to start the software (Figure 4), first select the disk you want to check from the list of drives, then select the scan or repair method and click the OK button to scan or repair. It is much easier to use this software than to open windows in Explorer in layers to perform disk checking.
There is also a software called Check Disk that sounds a lot like the disk checking tool that comes with the system. It is available in 32-bit and 64-bit versions, both portable without installation, and ammunition note that you must run it as administrator.
After launching the software, select the disk to be scanned through the list of drives on the left side of the window, select the check method from the list of options below, then select whether to automatically fix errors, and then click the button in the lower left corner to scan or repair (Figure 5).
3. Checking with Command Prompt or PowerShell
If you need to do a more in-depth check, or need to refer to the disk detection function in a program of your own design, we can use the ChkDsk command.
The ChkDsk command has a very rich set of parameters to choose from, which makes it more flexible and powerful to use. For example, the command “Chkdsk C:/f” or “Chkdsk C:/r” can scan for bad sectors and repair errors respectively, and the “/x” option can be used to unmount a drive before repairing it. drive before repair. We have described other uses of this command many times before, so we will not repeat them here. For more information on the usage of the parameters, you can also use the “ChkDsk /?” command (Figure 6). 4.
4. Run from Windows CD or flash drive
If Windows encounters a problem and fails to start, we often need to determine whether it is a disk problem first, so you can use the Windows installation CD or flash drive to scan and check. Before starting Windows, first set the installation CD or flash drive as the first boot disk; then boot your computer and when the language and keyboard selection screen is displayed, press the Shift+F10 key combination (Figure 7) to automatically open a Command Prompt window so that we can use the Chkdsk disk detection program here.
5. Running from a bootable Windows recovery disk
If the system is already unbootable and you do not have a Windows installation disk on hand at this time, then bootable recovery disks such as Hiren’s BootCD, Hiren’s BootCD PE x64, or various other commonly used Windows PE boot disks can also be used for emergencies. Such boot disks usually have integrated disk detection tools (e.g. Hiren’s BootCD PE x64 has the same CheckDiskGUI software as Figure 3), so you can invoke such software and perform a disk check after booting.