In financial magazines or websites, we often see a lot of beautiful three-dimensional icons or charts, these elements can be a more visual representation of the data. Most of these icons or charts are made by professional software, and now with the help of the commonly used office software PowerPoint (this article takes the 2016 version as an example), we can also create a similar effect of three-dimensional diagrams.
Polygon drawing – copying three-dimensional diagrams
To make a graphic with three-dimensional effect, you need to make it comply with the “near big far small”, “near high far short” and so on the law of perspective, which is a little difficult for the general lack of basic drawing users, and a better alternative, is on the existing graphics A better alternative is to copy and modify existing graphics.
Some APP promotional documents often use the Windows 10 Start menu logo as the system logo. For these shapes are more regular, the whole picture is composed of straight line graphics perspective, we can use PowerPoint’s polygon drawing tools to “copy”, so that the picture into a “shape”, you can play freely in the PPT. We can use PowerPoint’s polygon drawing tool to “copy” the picture into a “shape” so that you can play freely in the PPT.
First of all, use the screenshot or photo method to import the sample picture into the slide, and set the picture larger to facilitate our “copy”. Then click “Insert→Shape→Any polygon”, in turn, according to the outline of the sample picture for polygon drawing. In order to distinguish from the original picture, it is recommended that the shape outline set to thicker, fill color is also set to other colors, while setting the shape for the appropriate transparency, to facilitate the drawing of lines and the original map match (Figure 1).
Figure 1 drawing polygons on the sample picture
Because the perspective itself is an irregular figure, if the polygon is drawn with the example of the graphics have differences, you can select the polygon, right-click and select “Edit Vertex”, and then edit the vertices, so that the polygon can be drawn and the original outline of the picture exactly match (Figure 2).
Figure 2 Edit the vertices
Operation as above, continue to draw the remaining area of the graphics, complete the drawing of the graphics, select the four inserted polygons in turn, click “Drawing Tools → Format → Combination → Combination”, they will be combined together and dragged to the right. Then click “Draw → Shape Fill → Color Picker”, select the original picture color to fill. Finally, then set the outline of the drawn graphics, shadows, light and other parameters, so that a Windows 10 Start Menu logo with a perspective effect is drawn (Figure 3).
Figure 3 Drawing effect
Since this is a hand-drawn figure using the arbitrary polygon tool, we can work with its size, shape, color, shading, etc. in any way we want. Using a similar method, we can also create a lot of three-dimensional perspective, as long as the polygon tool is used to draw (if the original figure contains irregular shapes such as circles, arcs, etc., you can also combine them by inserting free curves), and “copy” the shape and the original figure to match, such as some rectangles and irregular quadrilateral composition of the three-dimensional For example, some rectangular and irregular quadrilateral three-dimensional combination of perspective diagram, through the above method can be easily drawn (Figure 4).
Figure 4 Drawing three-dimensional perspective combination diagram
Combination of shapes – Boolean operations + 3D settings for drawing three-dimensional diagrams
If the picture contains other irregular shapes, then you can combine Boolean operations and 3D parameters to generate a more complex three-dimensional perspective view. For example, the following example of a three-dimensional perspective view, it is a three-dimensional pie chart from the combination of several sector areas (Figure 5).
Figure 5 combination of three-dimensional pie chart example
First click “Insert→Shape→Circle”, hold down the Shift key to insert a circle, in order to facilitate the selection of graphics recommended to turn on the background reference line. Continue to insert two triangles, and the vertices of the triangles overlap in the center of the circle, adjust the size of the triangle, use the sides of the triangle to separate the circular area. Select the circle, two triangles in turn, click “Drawing Tools → Format → Merge Shapes → Split” (Figure 6).
Figure 6 Splitting a shape
Once you have finished splitting the shapes, you can see that the triangle splits the circle into several sectoral parts, now move the other unrelated shapes out and delete them. Next, select one of the shapes, right-click and select “Set Shape and Format”, and in “Shape Options→Fill and Line Place”, use the blue gradient to fill, and check “Rotate with shape “. Switch to the line option, where you can set the color of the outline, the color is recommended to be the same as the above fill color (Figure 7).
Figure 7 Color settings
Switch to “3D Format” and set the depth value to “40 lbs”. Depth is the thickness of the 3D dimension, so if you want each sector to be staggered in height, then you can set different depth values for different shapes. Continue to switch to the “three-dimensional rotation”, set the X-axis to 40 degrees, Y-axis set to 320 degrees, Z-axis set to 60 degrees. Here the effect of three-dimensional rotation parameters are set so that three-dimensional shapes can be arranged in three dimensions at the best angle, so the actual value needs to be set according to the specific shape, the value here is for reference only (Figure 8).
Figure 8 3D settings
As above, continue to set the color fill and 3D format parameters for the other sectors, so that each area is finally arranged at the best angle. Finally, fine-tune each shape and add text on it, and a three-dimensional chart is finished (Figure 9).
Figure 9 Final effect