Pyramid is one of the most widely used graphics in PPT, it can make the boring slides more interesting. What’s more, the clear hierarchical structure of the pyramid can quickly and effectively reflect the priority relationship between data and so on. Today I will teach you how to evolve different styles of pyramid graphics starting from a simple triangle.
Simple and quick fake 3D pyramid
By fake 3D here, the author means that a 3D effect pyramid is quickly simulated by a simple tonal change on top of a 2D flat graphic. Here we will use PowerPoint 2016 to achieve this effect.
After starting PowerPoint, create a new blank presentation, then switch to the “Insert” tab, click “Shape”, select the triangle icon and draw a triangle (Figure 1).
In the same way, draw several long rectangles to cover the triangle, and determine the number and width of the rectangles according to the number of layers of the pyramid and the gap between the layers. Select all the rectangles, and then switch to the “Format” tab, click “Align → Align → Vertical Distribution” in turn so that they are evenly spaced.
Next, select all the graphics just drawn, continue in the format tab, click “Merge Shapes → Split” (Figure 2). There are two keys to this step, first of all, be sure to select the triangle when selecting all shapes, and secondly, when merging shapes must be selected “split”, rather than saving time to choose “cross”.
Next, tap all the rectangles and delete them, a pyramid of the initial shape is complete. Because we chose “Split”, we can now set different colors for each of the split shapes. Right-click on the shape, and at the bottom of the pop-up right-click menu, click on the “Fill” and “Outline” buttons respectively, and set them to the desired color (Figure 3, the right side is the effect after setting).
Now let’s further work on this simple pyramid. Go ahead and draw a rectangle and use it to cover half of the triangle, then right-click on the rectangle and select “Set Shape Format” from the context menu to open the settings pane, set the lines to “no lines”, set the fill color to white, and set the transparency to 60% or so, a three-dimensional sense of the pyramid is completed (Figure 4).
We can also change the color at will, so that it has a completely different style (Figure 5).
All this is not the end, there are still surprises ahead.
Pyramid in true 3D
With the above graphic base, we will soon be able to convert it to true 3D, again in a different style.
First remove the overlaying rectangle, then select all shapes and switch to the “Effect” option by clicking on the pentagon icon in the right pane. Click to expand the “3D Format”, then select the “Rounded” style in the “Top Prism” and set the size of the depth to 100 pounds (Figure 6).
Now switch to “3D Rotation”, click “Preset”, and select “Right Perspective” from “Perspective” ( Figure 7), a true 3D graphics is completed.
If you do not feel very coordinated, you can adjust each graphic block individually, as shown in the figure, the left side is the default generated shape, the right side by fine-tuning the three axes of each graphic block XYZ data, the effect is more three-dimensional and natural (Figure 8).
Of course, the front is just a prelude, the real big dish always appears last.
Deluxe version of the 3D pyramid
I have seen a super gorgeous PPT pyramid pattern template (Figure 9), a careful analysis of the graphic details can be found in our graphic production based on the above, a little adjustment and add some decoration, you can achieve such an effect.
First by “merging shapes → split” way to get a split triangle, and then add a three-dimensional effect for it, but here we do not set for the prismatic rounded corners, but set to no prismatic effect, after a certain angle of rotation, you can see the effect is not too good.
Now adjust separately, select the base graphics alone, and then in the Set Shape Format pane, expand the “three-dimensional rotation” item, set the X-axis to 345 degrees, Y-axis to 6 degrees, Z-axis to 0 degrees, perspective for 25 degrees. One of the most critical is the Y-axis, after adjusting the top of the base will be displayed. Next, select the second layer of graphics and set it to move up one layer to cover the base, and set the appropriate rotation angle. In this order, you can get a better-looking pyramid graphics (Figure 10, the left side is the original image, the right side is the effect of the adjustment).
The above method to produce the pyramid, in fact, is trapezoidal, so I used a not perfect but very simple method: the pyramid graphics are all adjusted, and then draw a white rectangle, the appropriate rotation angle, the left part of the pyramid graphics oblique to do a mask, thus forming the effect of triangular cone.
The next operation is actually very simple, respectively, to create a bar graph (Figure 11), and the pyramid graphics docking, and finally add a text description, and then all graphics combined into a whole, to create a gray reflection effect, a deluxe version of the 3D pyramid graphics is complete.